Peter Bruegel the Elder’s “The Harvesters”:
15th Century Netherlandish visionary painter predated the Surrealists by some 400 years:
BBC documentary on the Northern European Renaissance Art:
Part 2 of the above documentary:
Great documentary on Dutch master Johannes Vermeer, narrated by Meryl Streep:
Filmed at the Royal Geographical Society on 15th October 2014:
German Romantic painter:
The Van Gogh Museum is an art museum in Amsterdam , Netherlands , featuring the works of the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh and bis contemporaries. It has the largest collection of Van Gogh’s paintings and drawings in the world. The main exhibition chronicles the various phases of Van Gogh’s artistic life.
One of the great forerunners of Expressionist painting:
Norwegian Expressionist painter:
Edvard Munch documentary:
Théo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter, was born in Ghent in 1862. He studied art at the Academies in Ghent and Brussels, and in 1881 exhibited for the first time at the Salon in Brussels. After the success of the French Impressionists exhibition in Brussels in early 1880s, van Rysselberghe began to explore their technique. In 1883 he became a co-founder of the avant-garde group of Brussels intellectuals ‘Les-Vingt’. In 1886 the painter traveled with the poet Emile Verhaeren to Paris, where he met Georges Seurat (1859-1891) and admired his painting ‘A Sunday Afternoon at the Island of Grande Jatte’. After the contacts with Neo-Impressionists in Paris van Rysselberghe turned to Pointillism himself, becoming the main exponent of the style in Belgium. In the late 1880s- early 1890s the painter traveled in Spain, North Africa, the Middle East and Europe. From 1897 he lived in Paris.
After the death of Georges Seurat, Théo van Rysselberghe gradually abandoned the Pointillist technique. Théo van Rysselberghe died in 1926 in St. Clair.
Dutch Impressionist painter:
Austrian Expressionist painter:
Another Austrian Expressionist painter:
Max Liebermann. When the renowned Berlin painter Carl Steffeck saw drawings by the 15-year-old Liebermann, he recommended that the boy’s talent should be encouraged as much as possible – much against his parents wishes. Steffeck gave Liebermann his first drawing lessons and encouraged him to attend the Weimar Akademie.
Max Liebermann studied in Weimar for three years until 1872. A trip to Düsseldorf in 1871 took the young artist to Mihály Munkácsy, a Hungarian painter who lived here. Liebermann was inspired by Munkácsy’s Realism. Still under this impression, Liebermann painted his first large painting, “Die Gänserupferinnen” (Girls plucking Geese). The unadulterated realism of this work, which was much rejected among the critics, was to become typical of Liebermann’s art.
He spent the years 1873 to 1878 in Paris and the artist colony of Barbizon. Here he studied the art of Millet, whose paintings of farm workers had a strong influence on him. A first sojourn in Holland in 1871 was followed by regular trips there, where he discovered suitable motifs for his most important works.
His striving to elevate the life and work of the common man to the realms of art in an unpretentious simplicity was not generally accepted. Liebermann continually fought for acceptance. Only after turning towards motifs and scenes of bourgeois life did he become the celebrated and sought after painter of the liberal bourgeoisie of the turn of the century. He spent the years 1878 to 1884 in Munich and then returned to his native town Berlin in 1884.
Max Liebermann was an important personality not only as an artist but also as an art politician. At the beginning of 1892 he was a member of the “Erste Sezession Deutschland”, an organisation which he chaired in Berlin from 1898 to 1911.
Max Liebermann retreated from the political world in the last years of his life. In 1934 he became severely ill and died alone three months later in his Berlin apartment.
German Expressionist painter:
Emil Nolde (born Emil Hansen; 7 August 1867 – 13 April 1956) was a German-Danish painter and printmaker. He was one of the first Expressionists, a member of Die Brücke, and was one of the first oil painting and watercolor painters of the early 20th century to explore color. He is known for his brushwork and expressive choice of colors. Golden yellows and deep reds appear frequently in his work, giving a luminous quality to otherwise somber tones. His watercolors include vivid, brooding storm-scapes and brilliant florals.
Nolde’s intense preoccupation with the subject of flowers reflected his interest in the art of Vincent van Gogh. He became a member of the revolutionary expressionist group Die Brücke (The Bridge), of Dresden, in 1906, upon the group’s invitation. This association lasted only until the end of the following year. From 1908 to 1910 he was a member of the Berlin Secession, before being excluded in 1910 due to a disagreement with the leadership. In 1912 he exhibited with Kandinsky’s Munich-based group Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider); he had achieved some fame by this time and was able to support himself through his art. From 1902 he called himself after his birthplace.
Dutch painter associated with the modernist painters known as the Fauves:
Hungarian painter, who lived in Paris and earned international reputation with his genre pictures and large scale biblical paintings:
Jozsef Rippl-Ronai (Kaposvar , 1861 . May 23 – Kaposvar , 1927 . November 25) Hungarian painter and graphic artist.
Born in Swabia, a region in Hungary. From 1884 he attended Academy of Arts in Munich. In 1887 with his French wife, Baudrion Lazarina ( 1864 – 1947 ), he left their children at home, went to Paris and studied under Munkácsy Mihály and later became his assistant. During his stay in France he became acquainted with new style trends.
He was a founding member of the Hungarian Impressionists and Naturalists Circle (OURS ) group, and participated in movements of the West as well. When the First World War broke out in 1914, he was still in Paris as possible enemy nationals were rounded up and interned. In 1915 in he returned to his hometown Kaposvár. In 1908 he purchased a Rome villa. In addition to painting, the design and production of stained glass windows also was undertaken by him. In 1912, he created the large Ernst Museum window. His second wife was Baudrion Lazarine.
He spent considerable time in the house and the villa ‘s studio park, which operate as a museum today.
He was the best Hungarian representative of Post-Impressionist and Secessionist aspirations in Hungary. His art revealed rich color, stylized lines and the typical decorativeness of those movements. In 1900 at the beginning of delicate pastel -painted pictures technique. His style was often likened to Fauvism and Pointillism when gaudy, bright colors appeared. Late era included dramatic painted self-portraits.
Ilya Yefimovich Repin was a Russian realist painter. He was the most renowned Russian artist of the 19th century, when his position in the world of art was comparable to that of Leo Tolstoy in literature. He played a major role in bringing Russian art into the mainstream of European culture. His major works include Barge Haulers on the Volga (1873), Religious Procession in Kursk Province (1883) and Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks (1880–91).
Repin was born in Chuguyev, in the Kharkov Governorate (now Ukraine) of the Russian Empire into a military family. He entered military school in 1854 and in 1856 studied under Ivan Bunakov, a local icon painter. He began to paint around 1860. He met his wife, Vera Shevtsova in 1872 (they remained married for ten years). In 1874–1876 he showed at the Salon in Paris and at the exhibitions of the Itinerants’ Society in Saint Petersburg. He was awarded the title of academician in 1876.
In 1880 Repin traveled to Zaporozhia in Ukraine to gather material for the 1891 Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks. His Religious Procession in Kursk Province was exhibited in 1883, and Ivan the Terrible and His Son Ivan in 1885. In 1892 he published theLetters on Art collection of essays. He taught at the Higher Art School attached to the Academy of Arts from 1894. In 1898 he purchased an estate, the Penates, in Kuokkala, Finland (now Repino).
In 1901 he was awarded the Legion of Honour. In 1911 he traveled with his common-law wife Natalia Nordman to the World Exhibition in Italy, where his painting 17 October 1905 and his portraits were displayed in their own separate room. In 1916 Repin worked on his book of reminiscences, Far and Near, with the assistance of Korney Chukovsky. He welcomed the Russian Revolution of 1917. Celebrations were held in 1924 in Kuokkala to mark Repin’s 80th birthday, followed by an exhibition of his works in Moscow. In 1925 a jubilee exhibition of his works was held in the Russian Museum in Leningrad. Repin died in 1930 and was buried at the Penates.”–LearnFromMasters